Herbs & Flowers "C"
Ground seeds are essential in Indian cuisine; featured in the best of Indian curries, biryanis, pilaus, and dhals, and an
important member of the spice mixture, garam masala. Cardamom's perfumed flavour is delicious in lassi, the famous
yogurt drink of India, and in Indian spiced tea. Scandinavians are particularly fond of its liberal use in pastries. Leaves
are used in curries inTrinidad. Makes an appealing houseplant with its perfumed leaves, even if it is difficult to coax
into bloom.
CARDAMOM
Elettaria cardamomum
TENDER
PERENNIAL-ZONES 8-10
SUN-PART SHADE
CALENDULA
Calendula officinalis
(Pot Marigold)
ANNUAL
1
2 to 24 inches tall with a 12 to 24
inch spread
SUN
(Pot Marigold) Flower petals give delicate flavor and strong color to salads, omelets and cheese, and is used as a saffron
substitute for rice. Invaluable in first-aid skin lotions and ointments.
These bright yellow and orange flowers are a familiar sight in cottage and country gardens. The petals have a pungent,
spicy flavor and the leaves have a bitter aftertaste. It is used more for medicinal than culinary purposes. It is also used to
improve skin hydration and firmness. The dried petals of the calendula plant are used in tinctures, ointments, and washes
to treat burns, bruises, and cuts, as well as the minor infections they cause.
CATMINT
Nepeta x faassenii
HARDY PERENNIAL- Zones 4-9
SUN
Height: 12-18 in. Width: 12-18 in.
.
Smaller ornamental form of catnip with lavender-blue flowers and grey-white foliage. Excellent for massing, as
ground cover or in rockeries. Does not usually attract cats despite its stronger, more pleasant scent.Catmint can be
used fresh, dried, or frozen for both culinary and herbal use.
CAREX (SEDGE) ‘CAPPUCCINO’
Carex tenuiculmis ‘Cappuccino’
HARDY PEREN. – ZONES 6-9
full sun to partial shade
8″ tall and 24″ wide
Chocolate-colored sedge is gracefully arching, creating an
attractive mound. The foliage flickers with orange and
raspberry colors. Prefers moist, well-draining soil.
CATNIP
Nepeta cataria
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 3-9
SUN – PART SHADE
Can grow to 3' in height and width
Favorite of cat lovers, for cats relish the
intoxicating leaves.
For people, catnip tea is a popular nightcap, as it
induces a good night's sleep. Remedy for colds and
fevers.
CATSFOOT
Antennaria dioica
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 4-7
SUN
Height: 4 inches; Width: 10 - 12 inches
I
mproves the appetite for it stimulates bile flow,
gastric juices and pancreatic secretions. Petite
woolly rosettes of leaves resemble a cat’s foot.
Lovely in rock gardens.
CHAMOMILE, ROMAN
Chamaemelum nobile (Anthemis nobilis)
GROUNDCOVER
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 5-9
FULL SUN
Height: 0.25 to 0.50 feet
Spread: 0.50 to 1.00 feet
Chamomile tea, made from the flowers, is very popular in Europe as an aid to digestion, especially after
heavy meals. Its soothing and cleansing effect also makes the tea a beneficial skin wash.  This pathways,
where it is cut like grass.
CHIVES
Allium schoenoprasum
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 3-9
SUN – PART SHADE
Height, 6-18". Width, 6-8".
The most delicate member of the onion family. Chopped leaves offer great improvement to salads, soups,
vegetables, omelets, and cheese dishes. Palatable as it is to humans, nasty insects stay away in droves from it
and neighboring plants.  Try the pretty purple flowers, separated into florets, in salads for color and flavor.
Edible berries are borne inside fascinating orange Chinese lantern-like in preserves and pies.
Recommended for fevers and gout.
CHIINESE LANTERN
Physalis alkekengi
GROUND COVER
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 3-9
SUN/PART SHADE
Height 23-35 inches. Spread 23-35 inches.
CILANTRO
Coriandrum sativum
ANNUAL
SUN
Height: 36-48 in. Width: 15-18 in..
In North America, cilantro is the name by which
fresh coriander is known. For thousands of years
it has been appreciated for its culinary and
medicinal properties.
A short-lived plant, it is best sown in succession
over the season
This non-edible tropical grass is the source of commercial citronella oil used in various products to repel mosquitos
and other biting flies. Coarse grass quickly grows to a large clump up to 6' wide by 6' tall in warm climates. Frost
sensitive grass can be overwintered indoors with adequate light in colder climates. Grass can be rubbed on clothing to
repel mosquitos, but please use caution when rubbing on bare skin as it has been known to cause an allergic skin
reaction in some individuals.
CITRONELLA
Cymbopogon nardus
TENDER PERENNIAL-ZONES
11+
SUN – PART SHADE
3′ tall or more and just as wide
COMFREY
Symphytum officinale
HARDY PERENNIAL- ZONES 3-8
SUN – PART SHADE
Height : 18 - 36 inches. Width : 24 - 30 inches.
Comfreys are among the most important medicinal herbs. They contain allantoin, a hormone-like substance
that stimulates cell division, making the comfreys valuable for healing wounds, ulcers and broken bones. Tea
and poultices of leaves or roots are used. Comfreys are nutritional herbs, rich in calcium, potassium,
phosphorus, vitamins and trace elements. Important fodder and green manure crop as well. Of easiest culture;
can be grown indoors or out.
 
COREOPSIS "CRANBERRY
ICE" and "SUNKISS"
(TICKSEED)
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 4-11
SUN
Compact and mounding to 8 in. tall
and 20 in. wide.
Prized for its dependable nature and colorful, daisylike flowers, coreopsis has a long bloom period and is generally
troublefree and easy to grow. Another common name is tickseed.
A tea made from the roots is emetic and is also used in the treatment of diarrhea. An infusion of the whole plant
without the root has been used by women desiring a female baby
COSTMARY
Chrysanthemum balsamita
HARDY PERENNIAL-ZONES 4-8
SUN – SHADE
Height of 2.5 ft. Width of 18 in.
(Bible leaf) The sweet-scented leaves may be used
for tea or in herb pillows. Fresh leaves, picked
before flowering, used in salads, sauces, soups and
in cold drinks where a little goes a long way
CULANTRO
(MEXICAN CORIANDER)
Eryngium foetidum
TENDER PERENNIAL- ZONES 8-11
SUN- PART SHADE
Height: 1 foot to 2 feet. Width: 1 foot to 2
feet
.
Native to Central America, but now cultivated throughout Southeast Asia and Latin America. Favored where the true
coriander (Coriandrum sativum) does not do well because it can stand hot, steamy weather. Leaves are tough, but if sliced
and then chopped they are quite tasty. Unlike other corianders, this variety dries well, retaining good color and flavor
.
EASTERN RED COLUMBINE
Latin for eagle, the flower’s spurs
resemble an eagle’s talon.
HARDY PERENNIAL- Zones 3-8
PART SUN
Height: 18-24 in. Width: 8-12 in.
NATIVE PLANT
Native to woodland and rocky slopes in eastern North America, prized for its red and yellow flowers.. Formerly used
for treating running sores and urinary and liver ailments. Once used to treat smallpox and measles. Has narcotic
properties; not to be used without medical supervision.
CULVERS ROOT
Veronicastrum virginicum
HARDY PERENNIAL- ZONES 3-9
SUN
Height: 50". Width: 18"
NATIVE PLANT
Native to eastern and central USA.  Hardy to -30 degrees F.   Produces beautiful spikes of showy, white flowers
in the second year. The aged root is gently laxative and tonifying to the liver
.
DWARF CURRY PLANT
Helichrysum italicum microphyllum
TENDER PERENNIAL – ZONE 11+
SUN
12” HIGH
Delightfully curry-scented foliage. The essential oil is used to enhance fruit flavors in confections and
perfumes. Small button-like yellow flowers will appear in summer, and can be used in potpourris to brighten the
mix. The flowers inspired the name Heliochrysum, from the Greek words helios, the sun, and chrysos, golden.
Trim it back after flowering to maintain its shape. A silvery plant with irresistible charm.
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